Varicocele is the abnormal enlargement of the veins within the loose bag of skin that holds your testicles (scrotum). This is a condition that commonly causes low sperm production and decreased sperm quality resulting in infertility. Varicoceles can cause testicles to develop abnormally or shrink in size.
Symptoms of varicocele include a dull ache or sharp pain and imparied fertility.
A physical examination with an ultrasound of the testicle is often used to diagnose varicocele.
Most of the time, varicocele does not need treatment. Fertility is often not affected. However, if pain and discomfort is affecting the patient, a surgery can be done to repair the varicocele. Surgery will seal off the affected vein to redirect the blood flow into normal veins. This can be done laparoscopically where a small incision is made in the abdomen and the surgeon passes a tiny instrument through the incision to see and repair the varicocele.