WHAT IS URINARY TRACT INFECTION?
Urinary tract infection is an infection in any part of the urinary system. When it affects the lower urinary tract, it is known as cystitis, a bladder infection. When it affects the upper urinary tract, it is known as pyelonephritis, a kidney infection.
SYMPTOMS OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION
Symptoms of urinary tract infection include painful urination, frequency in urination, feeling the need to urinate even though the bladder is empty, fever and pain in the flank.
DIAGNOSING URINARY TRACT INFECTION
A urinalysis and urine culture test are done to diagnose urinary tract infection. It will look for white blood cells, red blood cells or bacteria. If you have recurrent urinary tract infections, the doctor may obtain a detailed scan, perform a urine flow test and perform a cystoscopy using a small and narrow tube (cystoscope) to see inside the urethra and bladder.
TREATMENTS FOR URINARY TRACT INFECTION
Treatment for urinary tract infection includes Lifestyle modification e.g. advice on voiding habits and Medications which are usually antibiotics and hormonal tablets/creams. Supplements such as cranberries & probiotics may also be used. Patients are advised to drink plenty of water. If there is an underlying condition causing the urinary tract infection such as urinary stones, further surgical treatment may be required.