Prostate Enlargement

 


Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)/Prostate Enlargement

What is Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)/Prostate Enlargement?

Benign prostate hyperplasia is the benign enlargement of the prostate gland. This is a common condition among older men. As many as 50% of men at 50 years of age will have it and up to 80% at 80 years of age. The main function of the prostate is related to the production of fluids that accompany semen during ejaculation. The prostate lies between the bladder and the penis. As such, when it grows bigger it can lead to obstruction of the flow of urine during urination. Long term obstruction can lead to urinary tract infection.

 

Symptoms of Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)/Prostate Enlargement

Symptoms of prostate enlargement include slow urination, starting and stopping of urine flow and frequency of urination.

Diagnosing Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)/Prostate Enlargement

Prostate enlargement is diagnosed by a rectal examination, a urine test, uroflow test, and PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) test.

Treatments for Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)/Prostate Enlargement
Treatments for prostate enlargement include Medication and Surgery. Some drugs known as alpha blockers can help relax the prostate to improve flow. Drugs like 5 Alpha reductase inhibitors can go some way in shrinking the prostate. Both kinds of drugs can reduce symptoms by about 30% but have some side effects and need to be taken in the long term otherwise symptoms may return.Surgical methods can also be employed to manage an enlarged prostate.

  • TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF THE PROSTATE
    This procedure involves scraping the prostate to create a channel for the flow of urine. It is the mainstay of treatment for BPH and is effective in relieving prostatic obstruction. However, this procedure may be associated with urinary incontinence, bleeding and retrograde ejaculation.
  • GREENLIGHT LASER VAPORISATION OF THE PROSTATE
    This laser reduces complication rates and shortens hospital stays. Surgical methods have shown to have long lasting improvement to urinary symptoms and flow. Furthermore, the improvements offered by these surgeries are in the range of 80% compared to the 30% of drugs.
  • UROLIFT SYSTEM TREATMENT
    Not all patients are comfortable with long-term medications or surgery. Fortunately today, we have the UROLIFT SYSTEM TREATMENT. This treatment for enlarged prostates is FDA approved, minimally invasive and bridges the space between medications and more invasive surgeries. This procedure lifts the enlarged prostate and holds the tissues in place using small Urolift implants thereby unblocking the urethra. It does not require cutting, heating or any removal of the prostate. It is usually done under local anaesthesia in a clinic setting or day surgery centre. A catheter will not be required after the procedure and patients can typically return home the same day.

 

REZUM WATER VAPOR THERAPYRezum Water Vapor Therapy is a minimally invasive procedure which involves injecting sterile water vapor (steam) into the prostate gland. It is a targeted therapy as the vapor is confined to a defined area. The result is a reduction of excess prostate tissue which helps to resolve symptoms caused by enlarged prostate. The procedure is done under minimal sedation. Patients can expect gradual improvement of symptoms in two weeks. This varies among patients. Patients no longer need to take any BPH medications. Clinical studies show that Rezum Therapy is safe and effective. It is a day procedure which does not require general anesthesia. Patients are able to preserve sexual function. Lastly, patients are able to return to regular activites within a few days. Patients will have to consult with our urologist in order to determine the best BPH treatment option for you. It will be determined by a couple of factors such as your age, symptoms, expectations, current and past medical conditions, and prostate size.

 

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