Overactive Bladder

Overactive Bladder

What is an Overactive Bladder?

An overactive bladder is a condition which causes a sudden urge to urinate and may even lead to involuntary loss of urine.

Symptoms of Overactive Bladder

Symptoms of overactive bladder include a sudden urge to urinate that is hard to control, the involuntary loss of urine (urge incontinence), frequency in urination (more than 8 times in a day) and nocturia (waking up 2 or more times in the night to urinate).

Diagnosing Overactive Bladder

Urine sample may be sent for testing to exclude infection, traces of blood in urine or other abnormalities. The doctor may perform a post-void residual measurement using an ultrasound to check if there is leftover urine in your bladder after you urinate. A uroflow test to measure urine flow rate may also be required.

Treatments for Overactive Bladder

Treatments for overactive bladder include Medications to relax the bladder and Interventional therapies such as botulinum toxin type A (botox) injections and Surgery.

Surgery can be done to increase the bladder capacity. This involves using pieces of the bowel to replace a portion of your bladder. However, this surgery is only recommended in cases of severe urge incontinence that has failed to respond to other conservative treatments.

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