An overactive bladder is a condition which causes a sudden urge to urinate and may even lead to involuntary loss of urine.
Symptoms of overactive bladder include a sudden urge to urinate that is hard to control, the involuntary loss of urine (urge incontinence), frequency in urination (more than 8 times in a day) and nocturia (waking up 2 or more times in the night to urinate).
Urine sample may be sent for testing to exclude infection, traces of blood in urine or other abnormalities. The doctor may perform a post-void residual measurement using an ultrasound to check if there is leftover urine in your bladder after you urinate. A uroflow test to measure urine flow rate may also be required.
Treatments for overactive bladder include Medications to relax the bladder and Interventional therapies such as botulinum toxin type A (botox) injections and Surgery.
Surgery can be done to increase the bladder capacity. This involves using pieces of the bowel to replace a portion of your bladder. However, this surgery is only recommended in cases of severe urge incontinence that has failed to respond to other conservative treatments.