Male infertility is a condition in a man that lowers the chances of his female partner getting pregnant. It can be due to low sperm production, abnormal sperm function or blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm. Health issues, injuries, illnesses, lifestyle and other factors can affect male fertility.
The main sign of male infertility is the inability to conceive. Symptoms associated with male infertility include problems with sexual function, pain or swelling in the testicle area and having a lower than normal sperm count.
The doctor may order a couple of tests including a semen analysis, hormone testing and post-ejaculation urinalysis. A scrotal ultrasound may also be required to see if there are other medical conditions such as varicocele or other problems in the testicles and supporting structures.
Treatment will depend on the cause of infertility. It includes Surgery (if varicocele is identified and causing the condition), Medications such as antibiotics for infections, other types of oral medications depending on cause and Hormone treatments.