Epididymitis is the inflammation of the epididymis. The epididymis is a tube located at the back of the testicles that stores and carries sperm. Inflammation can cause swelling and pain in the testicles. It can affect men of all ages but common among men between 14 to 35. Orchitis is the inflammation of the testicles caused by bacteria or virus. Both testicles may be affected by orchitis at the same time but symptoms usually appear in one of the testicles. This type of testicular inflammation is often caused by the mumps virus.
Symptoms of epididymitis and orchitis include a red and swollen scrotum, testicle pain and tenderness, painful urination, frequency in urination, penile discharge, blood in semen and pain or discomfort in the pelvic area. For orchitis, fever, nausea and vomiting may develop as well.
A physical examination with an ultrasound of the testicle is often used to diagnose epididymitis and orchitis.
Treatments for epididymitis and orchitis include Medications which is usually antibiotics and pain medication.